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Streets of San Gimignano, Tuscany
Hill Top Town of San Gimignano

San Gimignano

Cities and Towns in Tuscany

San Gimignano is a central town in the region of Tuscany, Italy and it is one of the more famous Tuscan towns known to many as the "Manhattan" of Tuscany.  This is because approaching San Gimignano from any direction, you will see first that it cascades down a small hill about 325 meters high, overlooking the Val d'Elsa. Then you will wonder about the many "skyscrapers" that dart upward mostly near its uppermost reaches.  This is the Town of the Towers, one of the prettiest, most well-preserved medieval towns in all of Italy.
 
There is evidence that San Gimignano began as an Etruscan settlement as long ago as 500 BC.  Later, it was a Roman town on the Via Francigena, between Siena to the south and Lucca to the north.  Nothing of moment seems to have occurred during the Roman period, except, during the fall of Rome, when, according to legend, the Bishop of Modena (whom later became Saint  Gimignano for whom the city is named) saved the city from barbarian invaders.
 
So, how to explain the towers?  A little history will help.
 
During the early Christian era, San Gimignano was one of several villages under the domination of the Bishop of Volterra.  Toward the end of the 9th Century, the Bishop granted the town the right to hold a weekly market, setting the town on a course of growing importance in the area.  In 949 AD, San Gimignano became a  city and by 998 AD, the citizens had erected the first ring of walls there.  Noblemen and commoners alike built within these walls to take advantage of the protection they offered. 
 
For a period of about three centuries from these early days, there was conflict between the Bishops of Volterra and the local nobility and wealthy signori of the city, with power shifting back and forth between the Bishop's faction (the Guelphs) and the faction identified with the Holy Roman Emperor (the Ghibellines).
 
In 1199, at a time when the Bishop  had once again asserted control he shrewdly offered a tax incentive to noblemen and wealthy merchants who built within the city walls, a second set of which were built a couple of years later.
 
At the same time, cultivation,  harvesting and exportation of saffron and crocuses on the slopes of the Val d'Elsa, was generating great wealth for land owners now living in the city.  Within the confined space circumscribed by the walls, the wealthy families competed with one another to display their wealth, resulting in the building of the first towers to overcome the lack of space on the ground.  These wealthy families also funded the building of various piazzi (court yards or squares), churches and various other public buildings still extant in San Gimignano today.
 
So intense was the tower-building competition, that a local ordinance was passed to prohibit the building of any tower higher than the 50 meter (165 ft) high city hall, known as the Rognosa.  Seventy two such towers were built, of which only 14 remain standing today.
 
The building of towers was very common in medieval towns and cities of the era, including in cities like Florence, Bologna and Perugia, but except for a few isolated instances, the towers either collapsed, were destroyed in war, or were pulled down during rebuilding programs.
 
They survived mostly because as peace came to the area, and people, towns and connecting highways  moved to the valleys, San Gimignano lost the importance it had during the medieval era.  In other words, the town retains its medieval appearance - and all that medieval charm - precisely because no significant changes have occurred within the city walls for hundreds of years.
 
But, because it has been so well preserved in its medieval condition, it is now a major attraction to tourists and travelers, whose money is now the economic life blood of San Gimignano.  However, the fact that it is such a heavily touristed town should not deter you from visiting, although an off-season visit is recommended.  It is a beautiful and unforgettable place, redolent of a profound, not a superficial, medieval atmosphere.
 
The color of its stone, a warm ochre, that radiates a golden lustre in the afternoon light, its twisted and winding streets, its convivial piazzas, its cool and solemn Duomo and churches, its charming cafes and restaurants, can take you back in time in a way that few other places can.  And, from the tops of the famous towers, you can see a rolling, green and verdant Tuscany - a Tuscany you think only exists in your imagination, but is real indeed.
 
Jesse Andrews, 2016 
 

 

Map

 
 

Pisa, Volterra, San Gimignano

This is one of our favourite private tours in the Tuscany region and is a tour offered exclusively by the Italy Group Specialists. Departing from your hotel in Florence, your cruise ship in Livorno or villa in Tuscany, we can pick you up where you tell us to to begin this tour which takes you through some of the most picturesque landscapes in Tuscany and to one of the towns, Voterra, which is at one of the highest points in the region offering spectacular views over the magnificent landscape.

 

Private Tour of Siena & San Gimignano

This is an excellent tour of the Tuscan countryside which is offered on a private basis from either Florence, Livorno or other destinations in Tuscany. It includes pick up at your hotel and a wonderful day exploring Tuscany including Siena and San Gimignano where you will have time to enjoy these 2 culturally fascinating and important cities in Italy,

 

Tuscan Wine Tour from Livorno

This tour is a perfect tour for foodies and wine lovers who want to get the most out of their time in Tuscany from the port of Livorno. Chianti is a large wine producing zone in the Tuscany region of Italy and is home to some of Italy's most notable wines. Chianti portrays splendid landscapes surrounded with green hills, vineyards and olive groves. The inhabitants of this region continues to live in small stone villages. The landscape of this region has been portrayed in postcards and films across the world.

 

Tuscany: Siena & San Gimignano from Florence or Livorno

This tour of Tuscany begins in either Livorno or Florence and includes a visit to two of Tuscany's most beautiful towns Siena and San Gimignano which are right in the heart of the beautiful Tuscan countryside inside the Chianti wine territory. Over the course of the day you get to experience the very best of the Tuscan Countryside. Excellent photo opportunities, terrific wines and wonderful food await you at every corner.

 

Pisa, Volterra, San Gimignano

This is one of our favourite private tours in the Tuscany region and is a tour offered exclusively by the Italy Group Specialists. Departing from your hotel in Florence, your cruise ship in Livorno or villa in Tuscany, we can pick you up where you tell us to to begin this tour which takes you through some of the most picturesque landscapes in Tuscany and to one of the towns, Voterra, which is at one of the highest points in the region offering spectacular views over the magnificent landscape.

 

Tuscan Wine Tour from Livorno

This tour is a perfect tour for foodies and wine lovers who want to get the most out of their time in Tuscany from the port of Livorno. Chianti is a large wine producing zone in the Tuscany region of Italy and is home to some of Italy's most notable wines. Chianti portrays splendid landscapes surrounded with green hills, vineyards and olive groves. The inhabitants of this region continues to live in small stone villages. The landscape of this region has been portrayed in postcards and films across the world.

 

Tuscany: Siena & San Gimignano from Florence or Livorno

This tour of Tuscany begins in either Livorno or Florence and includes a visit to two of Tuscany's most beautiful towns Siena and San Gimignano which are right in the heart of the beautiful Tuscan countryside inside the Chianti wine territory. Over the course of the day you get to experience the very best of the Tuscan Countryside. Excellent photo opportunities, terrific wines and wonderful food await you at every corner.

 

The Heart of Italy: Rome, Tuscany, Chianti and Florence

This is a fantastic small group tour (max 10 participants) which includes excellent accommodations in both Rome and Florence as well as gourmet meals including wine. The journey begins in Rome, known as the Eternal city and includes privately guided tours. VIP tickets to sites and locations we visit are also included in this tour.

 

San Gimignano Medieval Tower Experience

This lovely alone standing accommodation near San Gimignano (10 km) is set in a beautiful medieval complex renovated in 2002. This amazing luxury apartment, which is part of a tower and the wing of the ancient council hall of the Hospitaller Knights of Jerusalem on the via Francigena, dates back to the 11th century. This independent apartment in Chianti is on two levels and covers a surface of 180

Villa for families between Florence and Siena

This beautiful villa with pool in Chianti is located near the town of Poggibonsi, surrounded by the gently rolling hills of this beautiful region. The accommodation is on two floors and can comfortably accommodate from 10 to 18 people (price depends on number of guests- basement bedrooms will not be not available).

Villa near San Gimignano

This luxury villa near San Gimignano is located on the outskirts of the medieval hamlet of Vico D’Elsa (food shop and restaurant available; next supermarket 3km), on the hills between Florence (40km) and Siena (35km), facing San Gimignano (10km). Originally a farmhouse dating back to the 17th century, the owners have carried out a scrupulous restoration and have restored the villa to its origina

Apartment Virgo

The Guardastelle estate is immersed in the beautiful Tuscan countryside right outside of the famous city of San Gimignano. It's an ideal location for those who want to stay in complete tranquility and enjoy the fantastic wines and wonderful food this area of Tuscany is so famous for. The property has a number of wonderful apartment options as well as private rooms.